Drinking milk – new regulations
Source: Food Safety Information Bulletin, December1998, issue 103, pp9-10 (0 ref.)
Abstract: The articlediscusses the new Drinking Milk Regulations 1998, which revoke previous Regulations (TheDrinking Milk Regulations 1976, The Drinking Milk (Scotland) Regulations, The Milk andDairies Regulations 1985). The new Regulations allow enforcement of EC Council Regulation(2597/97). The Regulation includes a change in the upper fat limit of skimmed milk (from0.3-0.5%), prohibition of downward adjustment of protein content, provision for proteinenrichment and lactose reduction (as long as the product is clearly labelled), and a banon drinking milk imports that do not comply with the EC Regulation.
Milk of the year 2000
Author: Morel F.
Source: Process, July-August 1998, issue 1140, pp 66-73 (1 ref.)
Abstract: This articledescribes the latest milk-production methods and equipment, including the MSE 400 creamerfrom Westfalia Separator, and a CIP separator from Reda. Systems with in-built fatstandardization methods include the Alfast 210 from Tetra Pak, the Compomaster from APV,and the MMS system from Foss Electric. Some systems, such as the Alfast 222 Dual, allowstandardization of fat and protein, whilst Foss Electric offers a system with in-lineanalysis of the product with MIR. Microfiltration can be used as an alternative tosterilization or pasteurization, and has the advantages of improved taste, and an absenceof dead cells.
Process for the manufacture of anew modified cultured milk product for infants and children
Author: Sarkar S., MisraA.K.
Source: Milchwissenschaft, November 1998, vol. 53, issue 11, pp 603-605(28 ref.)
Abstract: Lactobacillusacidophilus, Bifidobacterium bifidum and Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. Shermaniiwere used to prepare a cultured milk product with enhanced nutritional and therapeuticproperties for infants and children. The milk product, which was prepared by heating at 95C for 30 minutes, had all of the required dietetic properties, and was preferred to skimmilk products. This new milk may be given to all children, including lactose-intolerantinfants and children.
Milk derived peptides andhypertension reduction
Author: Takano T.
Source: International Dairy Journal, May-June 1998, vol. 8, issue 5-6, pp375-381 (57 ref.)
Abstract: This reviewexamines milk-derived peptides that are associated with hypertension reduction, especiallythose from Calpis sour milk fermented by a starter containing Lactobacillus helveticus andSaccharomyces cerevisae. This milk has been shown to have several health-promotingproperties. The inhibitory activity of these peptides against angiotensin-I convertingenzymes in milk is discussed. The antihypertensive peptides in the sour milk wereisolated, identified and characterized. The effects of the peptides on blood pressure weredetermined. Mechanisms of action in vivo are discussed. Findings of a placebo-controlledstudy on the effects of sour milk on the blood pressure of 30 hypertensive patients arereported. From these data, it is expected that daily ingestion of sour milk containingmilk-derived peptides could reduce the risk of hypertension.
Setting new standards (milkstandardisation)
Author: Eyrich L.
Source: Dairy Industries International, October 1998, vol. 63, issue 10,pp 54-55 (0 ref.)
Abstract: Milk is oftenstandardized by manually blending milk from storage tanks, which is complex, expensive,and does not always ensure the right fat content. In-line standardization systems ensurethe correct fat content, and avoid the need for storage tanks and their associatedequipment. Tetra Alfast is an in-line control system for fat/solids non-fat ratioscontrol, fat and solids non-fat content control, additives control, and controls forskimmed milk removal and partial homogenization. The system is based on the Solartron 7847liquid densitometer, which is described in this article.
Shaping up (Aseptic cartons andplastic bottles)
Author: McRitchie S.
Source: Liquid Foods International, October 1998, vol. 2, issue 9, p. 27(0 ref.)
Abstract: Some of the newpackaging developments that are replacing the traditional aseptic carton are considered.Dean’s Milk Chug plastic bottles are given as an example of innovative packaging for milkproducts. The Tetra Pak Tetra Wedge and Tetra Prism packaging formats are also described.
Invisible fibres in dairy products
Author: Wouters R.
Source: European Dairy Magazine, October 1998, issue 5, pp 45-48 (0 ref.)
Abstract: An overview ofuse of dietary fibres in dairy products is presented. Properties of undigestible dietaryfibres inulin (Raftiline), a potent fat-mimicking agent, and oligofructose (Raftilose),which is more soluble than sugar, are tabulated. The nutritional properties of thesefibres allow health claims. AOAC International adoption of the Fructan Method formeasuring inulin and oligofructose has created new possibilities for fibre addition indairy products. The high solubility of these fibres allows incorporation of high dosagesinto milk, milk drinks, and fermented products. Oligofructose gives body to dairyproducts, working in synergy with intense sweeteners in fruit preparations, while inulinadds structure and fat-like mouthfeel. High performance inulin has the potential to formgel-like structures when sheared under specific conditions, use of inulin as a fatreplacer being based on this property. These nutritionally active fibres have been shownto stimulate bifidobacteria in the colon, leading to the creation of prebiotic andsymbiotic foods, while recent research has indicated improvement in calcium absorption.