Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

By: International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research hosts forums that look at research conducted around the world on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health.



Does moderate alcohol consumption in later life reduce the risk of mortality? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 232 4 Sep 2019

There are well-known problems inherent in most observational studies of alcohol and health. As well as having to rely on self-reporting of intake, these include single-time point consumption assessments, inadequate confounder adjustments, accounting for reverse causation, selection bias, short follow-up, residual confounding and lacking information on chronic health conditions that may mediate the association between alcohol consumption and mortality.


What effect does alcohol consumption have on obesity? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 231 21 Aug 2019

While alcoholic beverages contain calories that are absorbed, the association between alcohol intake and body weight and obesity is unclear. Limited clinical trials have not confirmed a positive association between alcohol intake and weight, while some epidemiologic studies, including prospective cohort studies, show that regular moderate drinkers are less likely to be obese than abstainers.


What effect do beverages have on developing diabetes? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 230 20 Aug 2019

Of all lifestyle factors that relate to health and disease, probably the most difficult ones to evaluate are dietary factors, including foods, nutrients and beverages.


How alcohol can affect the development of colorectal cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 229 11 Jul 2019

While heavy alcohol consumption is recognised as a contributor to the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), an increasing number of studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumption may not have an adverse effect on the risk of CRC, or even decrease the risk.


Could alcohol consumption affect the onset of pulmonary disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 227 29 May 2019

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem and cause of death throughout the world. While cigarette smoking is known to be the most important risk factor, there is limited data available on the relation of alcohol consumption to the condition.


How red wine can reduce risk of lethal prostate cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 226 16 May 2019

In an analysis from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, investigators evaluated the relation of alcohol consumption in their over 45,000 study participants to the development of lethal prostate cancer. They related alcohol first to the overall risk of prostate cancer among all subjects, then focused on the 5,182 men who developed non-metastatic prostate cancer to judge their risk of developing lethal prostate cancer or mortality.


Can consuming alcohol reduce risk of chronic kidney disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 225 8 Apr 2019

While many studies have found that moderate consumers of alcohol tend to be at a lower risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), potential mechanisms for such an effect are unclear. A recent large prospective, population-based, multi-cultural study provides important additional data on the effects of alcohol intake on the initial diagnosis of CKD over many years.


Could consuming alcohol help with diabetes? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 224 12 Mar 2019

Diabetes mellitus is an increasingly-common condition throughout the world, related closely to increases in obesity and ageing of populations. Scientific data from well-conducted cohort studies have demonstrated for decades that moderate consumers of alcohol tend to have a considerably lower risk of developing diabetes in the first place. Meanwhile, diabetics who consume moderate amounts of alcohol are, in comparison with abstainers, shown to be at much lower risk of developing cardiovascular disease.


Does alcohol consumption accelerate the chances of developing coronary heart disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 222 21 Dec 2018

In an attempt to judge the effects of alcohol on the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), a recent report carried out analyses using a sample of subjects from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol & Related Conditions III (NESARC-III). The authors based their exposure to current alcohol use on a single assessment at baseline of self-reported consumption during the past year, when the subjects were an average of 38.9 years of age.


Which alcohol category is better for avoiding stomach cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 221 20 Nov 2018

There have been conflicting results from studies of the association between alcohol intake and the risk of gastric cancer. Some of the differences among studies have related to mixing subjects from Western countries with those from Asia, where dietary patterns, lifestyle factors, drinking patterns and types of alcohol consumed differ from those among Western populations.


Why there's more to dying than just drinking - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 220 16 Oct 2018

For reasons unclear, the authors of a recent study into alcohol consumption and mortality combined results from two, very different studies; one from the Veterans’ Health Administration, based on outpatient clinical medical records, and the other from a national survey in the US [The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)]. Unfortunately, the VA data did not adjust for tobacco use or other important lifestyle habits, and is not useful in judging the effects of alcohol consumption on mortality.


Can alcohol consumption guidelines be drawn up on a global basis? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 219 4 Sep 2018

Investigators working with data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries & Risk Factors Study 2016 have combined data from 195 locations around the world, from 1990 to 2016, for both sexes and for five-year age groups between the ages of 15 years and 95 years and older.


How will your alcohol intake affect the likelihood of dementia in later life? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 218 22 Aug 2018

While there is general agreement that the moderate intake of alcohol is associated with a significantly-lower risk of cardiovascular disease, there is less data on the relation of moderate alcohol consumption to dementia. However, the vast majority of well-done prospective studies indicate that, in comparison with non-drinkers, moderate, non-binge-drinking older adults have lower risk of Alzheimer Disease and other types of dementia.


The more you drink, the greater your risk of cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 217 11 Jul 2018

Scientific studies have shown consistently that the consumption of small amounts of alcohol on a regular basis is associated with a lower risk of total mortality, while consumption of large amounts is associated with an increased risk of certain cancers and mortality.


How best to fight the 'diseases of ageing' - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 216 10 Jul 2018

It has long been known that a number of lifestyle factors – such as not smoking, being physically active, avoiding obesity – decrease the risk of many of the 'diseases of ageing', especially cardiovascular disease and cancer.


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