Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

By: International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research hosts forums that look at research conducted around the world on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health.



Does the funding of research by alcohol companies lead to sponsorship bias? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 239 28 May 2020

A recent study set out to evaluate sponsorship bias in observational alcohol research by focusing on a spectrum of health outcomes related to moderate alcohol consumption.


Alcohol and cardiovascular heart disease - The impossibility of standardising confounders - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 238 8 Apr 2020

In a recent meta-analysis into alcohol consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), the authors compared earlier studies for the number of potential confounding variables included in each paper.


Will your alcohol consumption help or hinder you from reaching 90? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 237 3 Mar 2020

An interesting and well-done study from a cohort of ageing men in the Netherlands that evaluated how alcohol consumption data collected at 68-to-70 years old related to the risk that the individual would survive to age 90.


Why studies into the link between alcohol and breast cancer have produced different results - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 236 21 Feb 2020

The relationship between alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer has been the subject of innumerable epidemiologic studies over many decades, with most showing a slight increase in risk even for light drinking. However, it has been shown that this relationship is attenuated when certain potential confounders are adjusted for, including folate levels, frequency of binge drinking and the use of post-menopausal hormonal therapy.


What effect does alcohol have on consumers with a lower socio-economic status? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 235 16 Jan 2020

In recently-released research, the authors aimed to investigate whether - and to what extent - consumption by beverage type, BMI, smoking and other factors explain inequalities in alcohol-related harm evidenced through wholly-attributable alcohol-related hospital admissions (ARHA).


How good for you is red wine? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 234 18 Nov 2019

The latest research to go under The ISFAR's microscope supports earlier research relating wine consumption to gut microbiota and its relationship with obesity as well as with cardiovascular and other diseases.


Can alcohol consumption slow the onset of dementia? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 233 11 Nov 2019

The latest study to go under The ISFAR's microscope was designed to assess the association between alcohol consumption and dementia and the roles of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and apolipoproteinEe4 (APOEE4) genotype in modifying this association.


Does moderate alcohol consumption in later life reduce the risk of mortality? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 232 4 Sep 2019

There are well-known problems inherent in most observational studies of alcohol and health. As well as having to rely on self-reporting of intake, these include single-time point consumption assessments, inadequate confounder adjustments, accounting for reverse causation, selection bias, short follow-up, residual confounding and lacking information on chronic health conditions that may mediate the association between alcohol consumption and mortality.


What effect does alcohol consumption have on obesity? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 231 21 Aug 2019

While alcoholic beverages contain calories that are absorbed, the association between alcohol intake and body weight and obesity is unclear. Limited clinical trials have not confirmed a positive association between alcohol intake and weight, while some epidemiologic studies, including prospective cohort studies, show that regular moderate drinkers are less likely to be obese than abstainers.


What effect do beverages have on developing diabetes? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 230 20 Aug 2019

Of all lifestyle factors that relate to health and disease, probably the most difficult ones to evaluate are dietary factors, including foods, nutrients and beverages.


How alcohol can affect the development of colorectal cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 229 11 Jul 2019

While heavy alcohol consumption is recognised as a contributor to the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), an increasing number of studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumption may not have an adverse effect on the risk of CRC, or even decrease the risk.


Could alcohol consumption affect the onset of pulmonary disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 227 29 May 2019

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem and cause of death throughout the world. While cigarette smoking is known to be the most important risk factor, there is limited data available on the relation of alcohol consumption to the condition.


How red wine can reduce risk of lethal prostate cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 226 16 May 2019

In an analysis from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, investigators evaluated the relation of alcohol consumption in their over 45,000 study participants to the development of lethal prostate cancer. They related alcohol first to the overall risk of prostate cancer among all subjects, then focused on the 5,182 men who developed non-metastatic prostate cancer to judge their risk of developing lethal prostate cancer or mortality.


Can consuming alcohol reduce risk of chronic kidney disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 225 8 Apr 2019

While many studies have found that moderate consumers of alcohol tend to be at a lower risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), potential mechanisms for such an effect are unclear. A recent large prospective, population-based, multi-cultural study provides important additional data on the effects of alcohol intake on the initial diagnosis of CKD over many years.


Could consuming alcohol help with diabetes? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 224 12 Mar 2019

Diabetes mellitus is an increasingly-common condition throughout the world, related closely to increases in obesity and ageing of populations. Scientific data from well-conducted cohort studies have demonstrated for decades that moderate consumers of alcohol tend to have a considerably lower risk of developing diabetes in the first place. Meanwhile, diabetics who consume moderate amounts of alcohol are, in comparison with abstainers, shown to be at much lower risk of developing cardiovascular disease.


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