Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

By: International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research hosts forums that look at research conducted around the world on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health.



The more you drink, the greater your risk of cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 217 11 Jul 2018

Scientific studies have shown consistently that the consumption of small amounts of alcohol on a regular basis is associated with a lower risk of total mortality, while consumption of large amounts is associated with an increased risk of certain cancers and mortality.


Female? Smoker? What you should know about alcohol consumption - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 215 14 May 2018

While essentially all epidemiologic studies have shown adverse health effects of cigarette smoking and beneficial effects of moderate alcohol consumption, a recent study in this area that followed a cohort of elderly women into very old age proved interesting reading.


Should recommended alcohol consumption limits be reduced? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 214 23 Apr 2018

Using individual-participant data from a number of large studies, predominantly from the UK and other European countries, the authors of a recent study have estimated the association between the reported level of alcohol intake among drinkers with cardiovascular outcomes and mortality.


What effect does alcohol have on middle-aged and elderly women? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 213 28 Mar 2018

The ISFAR has been studying recently-released research that looks at the effect alcohol has on cardiovascular disease and mortality among a very large number of middle-aged or elderly women.


How much of a part does the alcohol play in wine's health effects? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 212 15 Mar 2018

While epidemiologists have long noted that wine consumers tend to have better health outcomes than consumers of other alcoholic beverages, it has always been of concern that we were comparing drinkers, and not the drink itself.


Could alcohol be damaging to your DNA? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 211 23 Jan 2018

The latest research to go under The ISFAR's microscope concerns an extensive basic scientific experiment in mice. The authors of the paper describe the features and mutational landscape of DNA damage caused by acetaldehyde, an endogenous and alcohol-derived metabolite.


Which alcohol category carries a lower risk of gastric cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 210 9 Jan 2018

While heavy alcohol intake has regularly been found to increase the risk of upper aero-digestive tract cancers (mouth, tongue, pharynx, larynx, etc), results are less clear for gastric cancer.


Does alcohol make you fat? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 209 14 Dec 2017

The public, and scientists, have long been concerned about the relation between alcohol consumption and weight gain, as all alcoholic beverages contain calories. However, most epidemiologic studies do not find that light or moderate drinkers weigh more than their abstaining peers, and some even show lower weight among moderate drinkers than among abstainers.


The long-running battle to promote moderate drinking goes on - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 208 20 Nov 2017

A recently-released publication from the American Society of Clinical Oncology attempted to describe the relation between alcohol consumption and cancer, including the effects on the risk of developing cancer and effects among subjects currently being treated for cancer. It came to the conclusion that there is a need for the public to be warned about the use of alcohol because of its effects on cancer, and describes numerous approaches for decreasing alcohol use in the population.


Is there a 'right' amount of alcohol to drink when pregnant? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 207 6 Nov 2017

There is no question that high levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy can lead to severe adverse effects on the foetus, with the most serious condition known as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Many studies have also related alcohol intake during pregnancy with premature birth, low birth weight, and the infant being small for gestational age (SGA). Data on the effects of occasional or light drinking are not as clear, but most studies have not detected adverse effects.


Why cultural differences are vital in gauging alcohol consumers' health - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 206 4 Oct 2017

It has been clearly shown that similar amounts of alcohol tend to have different health effects - both beneficial and adverse - in different cultures. Greater health benefits from moderate alcohol intake have been shown, for example, in southern European countries, where wine with meals is common, than in more northern European countries, where beer and spirits are more likely to be consumed and usually not with food.


How much alcohol will kill you, and when? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 205 5 Sep 2017

The most usual finding in longitudinal cohort studies has been that light-to-moderate consumers of alcohol tend to be at lower risk for total mortality, and show greater longevity of life, even when other lifestyle/demographic factors known to affect longevity are adjusted for in the analysis. A recent analysis is important as it presents data on the relation of alcohol intake to total mortality as well as to specific mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer for a very large number of subjects in the US.


How much should you drink to help you live longer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 204 22 Aug 2017

A number of studies have shown that the risk of cognitive impairment appears to be reduced among elderly subjects who consume moderate amounts of alcohol; most studies indicate that both light and moderate drinking are associated with a lower risk of dementia, but heavy drinking is often shown to be associated with higher cognitive risk for dementia and cognitive impairment.


Why moderate drinking affects elderly consumers less than no drinking - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 203 8 Aug 2017

Falls are common among the elderly, and markedly increase the subsequent risk of morbidity and mortality. A recent study examined the association between certain patterns of alcohol consumption, including the Mediterranean drinking pattern (MDP), and the risk of falls in more than 2,000 elderly subjects over 3.3 years. At the end of follow up, 21.4% of subjects reported at least one fall in the previous year.


How important is folate intake for reducing breast cancer risk from alcohol consumption? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 202 18 Jul 2017

The strongest factor associated with the risk of a woman developing breast cancer appears to be a positive family history of such a diagnosis in a sibling or mother. Among environmental factors, almost all studies have shown that alcohol consumption relates to increased risk; a slight increase is often seen even among women who report only light drinking - an average of less than one drink per day, for example.


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