Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

By: International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research hosts forums that look at research conducted around the world on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health.



How important is folate intake for reducing breast cancer risk from alcohol consumption? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 202 18 Jul 2017

The strongest factor associated with the risk of a woman developing breast cancer appears to be a positive family history of such a diagnosis in a sibling or mother. Among environmental factors, almost all studies have shown that alcohol consumption relates to increased risk; a slight increase is often seen even among women who report only light drinking - an average of less than one drink per day, for example.


What effect - if any - does lifestyle have on mortality? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 201 27 Jun 2017

A recent study set out to examine differences in the risk of mortality and in survival associated with a healthy lifestyle versus a less healthy lifestyle.


Does light drinking increase the risk of cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 200 12 Jun 2017

The association between the consumption of alcohol and the risk of cancer has been of great interest for many decades. There are a number of types of cancer, especially those of the upper aero-digestive tract (such as mouth, tongue, pharynx, etc.) that are clearly increased among heavy drinkers, especially among subjects who are also heavy smokers.


Does socio-economic status increase risks from alcohol consumption? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 199 30 May 2017

The positive and negative health effects of alcohol consumption are modified by the socio-economic status (SES) of individuals. Truly moderate drinkers who are from higher SES strata have better health outcomes and fewer adverse effects from alcohol than lower-SES subjects supposedly consuming similar amounts.


How does alcohol affect the likelihood of cardiovascular disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 198 25 Apr 2017

Members of the ISFAR recently considered an important critique of nearly 2m people, which confirmed the J-shaped association of moderate alcohol consumption with significantly less heart disease than among both non-drinkers and heavy drinkers.


Does alcohol accelerate the onset of dementia? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 197 24 Apr 2017

A number of epidemiologic studies have found that light-to-moderate alcohol intake is associated with a lower risk of developing dementia and/or cognitive decline, while excessive drinking may increase the risk.


The strong links between binge drinking and cardiovascular disease - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 196 6 Feb 2017

The ISFAR recently considered a review paper on the effects of binge drinking on the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), noting that it provides considerable information on a topic of importance to public health.


How much of alcohol's "health benefits" relate to a consumer's socio-economic status? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 195 19 Dec 2016

It has long been recognised from epidemiologic studies that both the positive and negative health effects of alcohol consumption are modified by an individual's socio-economic status (SES). Higher SES subjects (higher education, income, job status, etc.) are more likely to be regular moderate drinkers, while lower SES subjects are more likely to binge drink and under-report their alcohol intake.


What is the effect of long-term alcohol use on mortality among women? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 194 23 Nov 2016

In a follow-up analysis of almost 50,000 young women, aged 30 to 49 at baseline, in the Swedish Women’s Lifestyle and Health cohort, researchers used self-reported information on alcohol consumption on two occasions, 12 years apart, to estimate the effects of alcohol on overall and cause-specific mortality.


How likely can alcohol consumption bring on a stroke? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 193 1 Nov 2016

Data from epidemiologic studies that looks at the relationship between alcohol consumption and the different types of stroke is quite consistent: For ischemic stroke, an inverse association with moderate drinking and a possible increase with heavy drinking (a j-shaped curve); For hemorrhagic stroke, a direct positive association, although some studies suggest that there may be a threshold level for an increase in risk.


How great is the risk of prostate cancer from alcohol consumption? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 192 12 Sep 2016

Scientific research on the association of alcohol consumption with the risk of prostate cancer has been mixed.


A step forward in the research of alcohol's effects on health and disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 191 25 Aug 2016

Observational epidemiologic studies relating alcohol consumption to health and disease have been remarkably consistent over many decades: light to moderate alcohol intake is related to improved cardiovascular health and less diabetes, while heavy intake and binge drinking relate primarily to adverse cardiovascular and other disease outcomes.


Alcohol intake during middle age and later atherosclerosis - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 190 11 Aug 2016

Carotid artery disease can be estimated by ultrasound from the thickness of the wall of the arteries (recorded as carotid artery intima/medial thickness, cIMT) and by evidence of atherosclerotic plaques within the carotid arteries. The association between alcohol intake and such lesions is unclear, as some studies show a positive association with cIMT and/or plaques while others show no association. 


The importance of the drinking pattern on wine’s health effects - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 189 26 Jul 2016

A recent review article appearing in Food & Function, a publication of the Royal Society of Chemistry in the UK, presents a summary of evidence-based scientific data relating the moderate consumption of wine and other alcoholic beverages to health.


Pulling apart poor research linking alcohol consumption and cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 188 28 Jun 2016

Previous scientific research has shown that heavy alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for upper aero-digestive cancers, and even light drinking increases slightly the risk of breast cancer in women. A recent study is based on a very small number of cases of cancer in New Zealand, tabulated separately for Maori and non-Maori subjects. The research applies estimates of alcohol effects from other population-based studies.


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