Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

By: International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research hosts forums that look at research conducted around the world on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health.



Why there's more to dying than just drinking - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 220 16 Oct 2018

For reasons unclear, the authors of a recent study into alcohol consumption and mortality combined results from two, very different studies; one from the Veterans’ Health Administration, based on outpatient clinical medical records, and the other from a national survey in the US [The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)]. Unfortunately, the VA data did not adjust for tobacco use or other important lifestyle habits, and is not useful in judging the effects of alcohol consumption on mortality.


Can alcohol consumption guidelines be drawn up on a global basis? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 219 4 Sep 2018

Investigators working with data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries & Risk Factors Study 2016 have combined data from 195 locations around the world, from 1990 to 2016, for both sexes and for five-year age groups between the ages of 15 years and 95 years and older.


How will your alcohol intake affect the likelihood of dementia in later life? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 218 22 Aug 2018

While there is general agreement that the moderate intake of alcohol is associated with a significantly-lower risk of cardiovascular disease, there is less data on the relation of moderate alcohol consumption to dementia. However, the vast majority of well-done prospective studies indicate that, in comparison with non-drinkers, moderate, non-binge-drinking older adults have lower risk of Alzheimer Disease and other types of dementia.


The more you drink, the greater your risk of cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 217 11 Jul 2018

Scientific studies have shown consistently that the consumption of small amounts of alcohol on a regular basis is associated with a lower risk of total mortality, while consumption of large amounts is associated with an increased risk of certain cancers and mortality.


How best to fight the 'diseases of ageing' - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 216 10 Jul 2018

It has long been known that a number of lifestyle factors – such as not smoking, being physically active, avoiding obesity – decrease the risk of many of the 'diseases of ageing', especially cardiovascular disease and cancer.


Female? Smoker? What you should know about alcohol consumption - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 215 14 May 2018

While essentially all epidemiologic studies have shown adverse health effects of cigarette smoking and beneficial effects of moderate alcohol consumption, a recent study in this area that followed a cohort of elderly women into very old age proved interesting reading.


Should recommended alcohol consumption limits be reduced? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 214 23 Apr 2018

Using individual-participant data from a number of large studies, predominantly from the UK and other European countries, the authors of a recent study have estimated the association between the reported level of alcohol intake among drinkers with cardiovascular outcomes and mortality.


What effect does alcohol have on middle-aged and elderly women? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 213 28 Mar 2018

The ISFAR has been studying recently-released research that looks at the effect alcohol has on cardiovascular disease and mortality among a very large number of middle-aged or elderly women.


How much of a part does the alcohol play in wine's health effects? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 212 15 Mar 2018

While epidemiologists have long noted that wine consumers tend to have better health outcomes than consumers of other alcoholic beverages, it has always been of concern that we were comparing drinkers, and not the drink itself.


Could alcohol be damaging to your DNA? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 211 23 Jan 2018

The latest research to go under The ISFAR's microscope concerns an extensive basic scientific experiment in mice. The authors of the paper describe the features and mutational landscape of DNA damage caused by acetaldehyde, an endogenous and alcohol-derived metabolite.


Which alcohol category carries a lower risk of gastric cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 210 9 Jan 2018

While heavy alcohol intake has regularly been found to increase the risk of upper aero-digestive tract cancers (mouth, tongue, pharynx, larynx, etc), results are less clear for gastric cancer.


Does alcohol make you fat? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 209 14 Dec 2017

The public, and scientists, have long been concerned about the relation between alcohol consumption and weight gain, as all alcoholic beverages contain calories. However, most epidemiologic studies do not find that light or moderate drinkers weigh more than their abstaining peers, and some even show lower weight among moderate drinkers than among abstainers.


The long-running battle to promote moderate drinking goes on - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 208 20 Nov 2017

A recently-released publication from the American Society of Clinical Oncology attempted to describe the relation between alcohol consumption and cancer, including the effects on the risk of developing cancer and effects among subjects currently being treated for cancer. It came to the conclusion that there is a need for the public to be warned about the use of alcohol because of its effects on cancer, and describes numerous approaches for decreasing alcohol use in the population.


Is there a 'right' amount of alcohol to drink when pregnant? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 207 6 Nov 2017

There is no question that high levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy can lead to severe adverse effects on the foetus, with the most serious condition known as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Many studies have also related alcohol intake during pregnancy with premature birth, low birth weight, and the infant being small for gestational age (SGA). Data on the effects of occasional or light drinking are not as clear, but most studies have not detected adverse effects.


Why cultural differences are vital in gauging alcohol consumers' health - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 206 4 Oct 2017

It has been clearly shown that similar amounts of alcohol tend to have different health effects - both beneficial and adverse - in different cultures. Greater health benefits from moderate alcohol intake have been shown, for example, in southern European countries, where wine with meals is common, than in more northern European countries, where beer and spirits are more likely to be consumed and usually not with food.


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