Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

By: International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research hosts forums that look at research conducted around the world on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health.



Is consuming alcohol good for avoiding cataracts? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 248 19 Apr 2021

Members of The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research were generally impressed by a recent analysis of a large number of cases of cataract surgery in the UK; there were reasonable measures of the exposure (alcohol consumption), including the amount and type of beverage consumed and appropriate potentially confounding factors were taken into consideration.


What effect does alcohol have on drinkers with heart conditions? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 247 15 Mar 2021

A recent study set out to investigate the relationship between regular alcohol consumption and incident stroke or systemic embolism in patients with established atrial fibrillation (AF), most of whom (84%) were on anticoagulant therapy. Atrial fibrillation is a heart condition that causes an irregular and often rapid heart rate.


Why alcohol guidelines should remember that consumers are not the same the world over - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 246 8 Feb 2021

A recently-released study used alcohol-attributable data - based on combining average alcohol intake from diverse European populations - to judge the effects of moderate alcohol consumption on the risk of cancer for all populations. The investigators concluded that the risk of a number of types of cancer are increased even among subjects reporting no more than 20 grams of alcohol per day (up to about two typical drinks) - an amount they state to be within recommended levels of consumption (but exceed most countries low risk guidelines).


Why wine is for you if you want to live longer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 245 27 Jan 2021

The latest study to be considered by The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research looked to determine factors that affect the pattern of alcohol consumption (including the frequency of consumption, type of beverage, with or without food, etc.), rather than just the reported average amount of alcohol, related to all-cause mortality, major cardiovascular events-MACE (MI/stroke/cardiovascular death), accidents/injuries and liver cirrhosis, as well as all-cause and alcohol-related cancer incidence.


Are wine drinkers cleverer than beer and spirits consumers? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 244 18 Dec 2020

While a beneficial effect on cardiovascular disease of moderate drinking has been shown repeatedly in epidemiologic studies, the specific effects of different types of alcohol have not been well established.


Alcohol & hypertension - What role does your diet play? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 243 19 Oct 2020

The authors of a recent study tested the hypothesis that overall diet quality influences the association between alcohol consumption and the risk of hypertension. The report was based on data from the National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey in the US and two further studies in China.


Latest research into alcohol and cancer has too many holes - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 242 5 Oct 2020

In an attempt to assess the relationship between light alcohol consumption (less than 12.5g per day) and the risk of a number of types of cancer, a recent report conducted a review of meta-analyses published within the last 15 years.


Can alcohol consumption accelerate breast, ovarian cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 241 22 Jul 2020

The latest study to be considered by the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research used a 'Mendelian Randomisation' (MR) approach to try to determine if alcohol consumption is causally associated with the risk of female hormone-dependent cancers.


Should worldwide alcohol consumption guidelines be reduced to one drink per day? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 240 8 Jul 2020

A recent study to have been reviewed by the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research used very questionable data to suggest that drinking guidelines for all countries should be lowered to no more than one drink per day.


Does the funding of research by alcohol companies lead to sponsorship bias? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 239 28 May 2020

A recent study set out to evaluate sponsorship bias in observational alcohol research by focusing on a spectrum of health outcomes related to moderate alcohol consumption.


Alcohol and cardiovascular heart disease - The impossibility of standardising confounders - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 238 8 Apr 2020

In a recent meta-analysis into alcohol consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), the authors compared earlier studies for the number of potential confounding variables included in each paper.


Will your alcohol consumption help or hinder you from reaching 90? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 237 3 Mar 2020

An interesting and well-done study from a cohort of ageing men in the Netherlands that evaluated how alcohol consumption data collected at 68-to-70 years old related to the risk that the individual would survive to age 90.


Why studies into the link between alcohol and breast cancer have produced different results - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 236 21 Feb 2020

The relationship between alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer has been the subject of innumerable epidemiologic studies over many decades, with most showing a slight increase in risk even for light drinking. However, it has been shown that this relationship is attenuated when certain potential confounders are adjusted for, including folate levels, frequency of binge drinking and the use of post-menopausal hormonal therapy.


What effect does alcohol have on consumers with a lower socio-economic status? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 235 16 Jan 2020

In recently-released research, the authors aimed to investigate whether - and to what extent - consumption by beverage type, BMI, smoking and other factors explain inequalities in alcohol-related harm evidenced through wholly-attributable alcohol-related hospital admissions (ARHA).


How good for you is red wine? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 234 18 Nov 2019

The latest research to go under The ISFAR's microscope supports earlier research relating wine consumption to gut microbiota and its relationship with obesity as well as with cardiovascular and other diseases.


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