Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

By: International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research hosts forums that look at research conducted around the world on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health.



Alcohol & hypertension - What role does your diet play? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 243 19 Oct 2020

The authors of a recent study tested the hypothesis that overall diet quality influences the association between alcohol consumption and the risk of hypertension. The report was based on data from the National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey in the US and two further studies in China.


Latest research into alcohol and cancer has too many holes - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 242 5 Oct 2020

In an attempt to assess the relationship between light alcohol consumption (less than 12.5g per day) and the risk of a number of types of cancer, a recent report conducted a review of meta-analyses published within the last 15 years.


Can alcohol consumption accelerate breast, ovarian cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 241 22 Jul 2020

The latest study to be considered by the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research used a 'Mendelian Randomisation' (MR) approach to try to determine if alcohol consumption is causally associated with the risk of female hormone-dependent cancers.


Should worldwide alcohol consumption guidelines be reduced to one drink per day? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 240 8 Jul 2020

A recent study to have been reviewed by the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research used very questionable data to suggest that drinking guidelines for all countries should be lowered to no more than one drink per day.


Does the funding of research by alcohol companies lead to sponsorship bias? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 239 28 May 2020

A recent study set out to evaluate sponsorship bias in observational alcohol research by focusing on a spectrum of health outcomes related to moderate alcohol consumption.


Alcohol and cardiovascular heart disease - The impossibility of standardising confounders - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 238 8 Apr 2020

In a recent meta-analysis into alcohol consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), the authors compared earlier studies for the number of potential confounding variables included in each paper.


Will your alcohol consumption help or hinder you from reaching 90? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 237 3 Mar 2020

An interesting and well-done study from a cohort of ageing men in the Netherlands that evaluated how alcohol consumption data collected at 68-to-70 years old related to the risk that the individual would survive to age 90.


Why studies into the link between alcohol and breast cancer have produced different results - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 236 21 Feb 2020

The relationship between alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer has been the subject of innumerable epidemiologic studies over many decades, with most showing a slight increase in risk even for light drinking. However, it has been shown that this relationship is attenuated when certain potential confounders are adjusted for, including folate levels, frequency of binge drinking and the use of post-menopausal hormonal therapy.


What effect does alcohol have on consumers with a lower socio-economic status? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 235 16 Jan 2020

In recently-released research, the authors aimed to investigate whether - and to what extent - consumption by beverage type, BMI, smoking and other factors explain inequalities in alcohol-related harm evidenced through wholly-attributable alcohol-related hospital admissions (ARHA).


How good for you is red wine? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 234 18 Nov 2019

The latest research to go under The ISFAR's microscope supports earlier research relating wine consumption to gut microbiota and its relationship with obesity as well as with cardiovascular and other diseases.


Can alcohol consumption slow the onset of dementia? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 233 11 Nov 2019

The latest study to go under The ISFAR's microscope was designed to assess the association between alcohol consumption and dementia and the roles of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and apolipoproteinEe4 (APOEE4) genotype in modifying this association.


Does moderate alcohol consumption in later life reduce the risk of mortality? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 232 4 Sep 2019

There are well-known problems inherent in most observational studies of alcohol and health. As well as having to rely on self-reporting of intake, these include single-time point consumption assessments, inadequate confounder adjustments, accounting for reverse causation, selection bias, short follow-up, residual confounding and lacking information on chronic health conditions that may mediate the association between alcohol consumption and mortality.


What effect does alcohol consumption have on obesity? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 231 21 Aug 2019

While alcoholic beverages contain calories that are absorbed, the association between alcohol intake and body weight and obesity is unclear. Limited clinical trials have not confirmed a positive association between alcohol intake and weight, while some epidemiologic studies, including prospective cohort studies, show that regular moderate drinkers are less likely to be obese than abstainers.


What effect do beverages have on developing diabetes? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 230 20 Aug 2019

Of all lifestyle factors that relate to health and disease, probably the most difficult ones to evaluate are dietary factors, including foods, nutrients and beverages.


How alcohol can affect the development of colorectal cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 229 11 Jul 2019

While heavy alcohol consumption is recognised as a contributor to the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), an increasing number of studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumption may not have an adverse effect on the risk of CRC, or even decrease the risk.


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