100 results in the archive - showing page 2 of 4

Alcohol intake during middle age and later atherosclerosis - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 190 11 Aug 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Carotid artery disease can be estimated by ultrasound from the thickness of the wall of the arteries (recorded as carotid artery intima/medial thickness, cIMT) and by evidence of atherosclerotic plaques within the carotid arteries. The association between alcohol intake and such lesions is unclear, as some studies show a positive association with cIMT and/or plaques while others show no association. 


The importance of the drinking pattern on wine’s health effects - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 189 26 Jul 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent review article appearing in Food & Function, a publication of the Royal Society of Chemistry in the UK, presents a summary of evidence-based scientific data relating the moderate consumption of wine and other alcoholic beverages to health.


Pulling apart poor research linking alcohol consumption and cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 188 28 Jun 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Previous scientific research has shown that heavy alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for upper aero-digestive cancers, and even light drinking increases slightly the risk of breast cancer in women. A recent study is based on a very small number of cases of cancer in New Zealand, tabulated separately for Maori and non-Maori subjects. The research applies estimates of alcohol effects from other population-based studies.


Is there a link between alcohol and skin cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 187 14 Jun 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Skin cancers, whether melanoma, basal cell, or squamous cell, are all increased by ultra-violet rays of the sun, and such cancers are much more common in areas of the world with more sun exposure. The risk of such cancers, however, is higher among individuals reporting excessive tanning. A recent study was undertaken to judge the relation between alcohol consumption and the risk of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), an association that is unclear from earlier research.


Alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer and heart disease - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 186 19 May 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A large study from Denmark was designed to test the hypothesis that women who increase their alcohol intake over a five-year period have a higher risk of breast cancer and a lower risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) compared with women who exhibit a stable alcohol intake.


Can consuming alcohol lead to the development of a heart condition? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 185 28 Apr 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent study in Denmark tested the hypothesis that alcohol consumption, both observational (self-reported) and estimated by genetic instruments, is associated with the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) and to determine whether people with high cardiovascular risk are more sensitive towards alcohol than people with low risk.


The link between alcohol consumption and pancreatic cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 184 4 Apr 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The ISFAR reviewed a meta-analysis based on data from more than 4m subjects in prospective cohort studies, among whom 11,846 incident cases of pancreatic cancer were diagnosed.


When research gets it wrong - An unusual analysis of the association of alcohol consumption with mortality - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 183 24 Mar 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The stated purpose of this new analysis was to determine whether misclassifying former and occasional drinkers as abstainers and other potentially-confounding study characteristics underlie observed positive health outcomes for low volume drinkers in prospective studies of mortality.


What association between alcohol consumption and the risk of diabetes mellitus? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 182 8 Mar 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Most previous studies have shown that consumers of light-to-moderate amounts of alcoholic beverages tend to have a significant reduction in their subsequent risk of developing Type II diabetes mellitus (DM).


What is the association between alcohol intake and total mortality risk among women? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 180 9 Feb 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Recent research followed more than 6,000 women in a population-based cohort in an area of southern Sweden. The results of the follow-up were used to estimate how baseline levels of alcohol consumption, at age 50-59 years, related to total mortality risk over the subsequent 17 year


How does alcohol affect your quality of life? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 178 12 Jan 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Many studies have shown that moderate alcohol drinkers tend to have higher ratings of their quality of life (QOL) than non-drinkers. The directionality of this association has been difficult to ascertain: Does moderate drinking improve someone’s QOL, or do people with higher QOL to begin with tend to drink alcohol moderately? 


Can alcohol reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 177 21 Dec 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

While there have been many observational studies of the relation of alcohol consumption to health risks and benefits, the number of clinical trials of alcohol administration for its health effects are limited.


Alcohol consumption's link with risk of total mortality - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 176 14 Dec 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Most observational studies have found that moderate drinkers, in comparison with non-drinkers, tend to have lower risk of all-cause (total) mortality; this is probably related primarily to a reduction in the risk of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death among the elderly.


Alcohol's association with breast cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 175 25 Nov 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Most observational epidemiologic studies have shown a slight increase in the risk of breast cancer for women who consume alcohol; the degree of increase is usually small for light-to-moderate drinkers (between 5% and 15% increase for consumers of no more than one drink/day), but the risk may be higher for women consuming greater amounts of alcohol.


What effect does wine have on diabetes? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 174 19 Oct 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Observational epidemiologic studies have consistently found that moderate drinkers are at lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Such alcohol consumption also lowers both the risk of diabetes as well as of CVD among diabetics. However, there have been few clinical trials of the administration of alcohol or wine among diabetics, and most have been for relatively short periods of time.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 173: Alcohol and the risk of acute myocardial infarction 15 Oct 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent paper presented prospective data from a large population-based cohort from rural Norway, a region with typically-light alcohol consumption and many abstainers who were not ex-heavy drinkers.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 172: Alcohol and the risk of developing diabetes 8 Oct 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Prospective cohort studies for decades have tended to show that the risk of developing Type II diabetes mellitus is reduced among moderate drinkers in comparison with non-drinkers.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 170: An update on the association of alcohol consumption with the risk of cancer 1 Sep 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent analysis - based on data from two very large cohort studies, the Nurses’ Health Study and the Health Professionals’ Follow-up Study - evaluated the association of alcohol consumption over many years with the risk of cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 169: Effects of IQ on risk of morbidity and mortality related to alcohol consumption 25 Aug 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Our forum recently considered a paper based on a large cohort of subjects in Sweden who had IQ tests as children (when they were 13 years old) and were then followed for more than 30 years.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 168: Effects of Alcohol on Blood Pressure in Women: A Randomised Trial 5 Aug 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent paper describes the effects among 24 normotensive pre-menopausal women, all of whom were regular drinkers (of an average of two to three drinks per day), of the administration of two levels of alcohol in the form of red wine in a randomised clinical trial.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 167: What Determines a Person’s Belief that "Alcohol is Heart-Healthy?" 24 Jul 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The ISFAR forum considered a recent paper that was based on data from more than 5,000 adults participating in an internet-based survey, which sought to determine the perceptions of subjects on the relation of alcohol to heart disease, and how these perceptions resulted in particular behaviours related to alcohol consumption.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 166: The Association between Alcohol Consumption and Suicidal Ideation and Suicidal Attempt 1 Jul 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent study evaluated the relation of alcohol consumption and the pattern of drinking with self-reports of suicidal ideation and suicidal attempts among more than 43,000 men and women in Korea.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 165: Fibre Intake may Modify the Association of Alcohol Consumption with Certain Hormone-Dependent Cancers 4 Jun 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The positive association between alcohol intake and certain hormone-dependent cancers - especially breast cancer- that has been noted in many studies has been attributed to an effect of alcohol through an increase in levels of estrogen and other hormones.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 164: Why are the Harmful Effects of Alcohol Consumption Greater among People with Low Education and Income? 14 May 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Epidemiologists have noted for many years that one of the key factors that affect the relationship between alcohol intake and many diseases is individuals’ education, income, or other index of socio-economic status (SES). While differences in drinking habits, other more moderate lifestyle factors, better access to health care and better diet have been suggested as potential mechanisms, there has been little research directed at this relation.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 163: The Association of Alcohol consumption with the Risk of Developing Heart Failure 5 May 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Two recent papers have provided data on the association of alcohol consumption with the risk of developing heart failure (HF).


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 162: What is the Association between Alcohol Consumption and Cancer? 13 Apr 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Three major papers on the association of alcohol consumption and cancer have recently been published. ISFAR forum members considered that all were well-done, and presented valuable new information on the topic.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 161: The Effects of Alcohol Consumption on the Risk of Hip Fracture 31 Mar 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Among elderly people, falls leading to hip fracture are a major health problem, leading to severe morbidity and mortality. Underlying factors that increase the risk of hip and other fractures include osteoporosis and low bone mineral density, as well as an unsteady gait making falls more common.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 160: Do the Calories in Alcoholic Beverages lead to Increased Obesity? 25 Mar 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Among people who consume alcohol, it would be assumed that the excess calories provided by the alcohol would add to their risk of obesity. However, current data suggests that the association may be more complex.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 159: Alcohol as a Component of the Mediterranean-Type Diet; Effects on the Risk of Mortality among Diabetics 17 Mar 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Mediterranean area. The primary basis of the diet is on plant-based foods (whole grains, vegetables, fruits), olive oil, moderate wine consumption, and limited intake of meat or dairy products.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 158: Alcohol Recommendations in the Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee 4 Mar 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Last month, the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee submitted the 'Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee' to the Secretaries of the US Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).

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