121 results in the archive - showing page 1 of 5

Alcohol & hypertension - What role does your diet play? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 243 19 Oct 2020

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The authors of a recent study tested the hypothesis that overall diet quality influences the association between alcohol consumption and the risk of hypertension. The report was based on data from the National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey in the US and two further studies in China.


Latest research into alcohol and cancer has too many holes - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 242 5 Oct 2020

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

In an attempt to assess the relationship between light alcohol consumption (less than 12.5g per day) and the risk of a number of types of cancer, a recent report conducted a review of meta-analyses published within the last 15 years.


Can alcohol consumption accelerate breast, ovarian cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 241 22 Jul 2020

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The latest study to be considered by the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research used a 'Mendelian Randomisation' (MR) approach to try to determine if alcohol consumption is causally associated with the risk of female hormone-dependent cancers.


Should worldwide alcohol consumption guidelines be reduced to one drink per day? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 240 8 Jul 2020

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent study to have been reviewed by the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research used very questionable data to suggest that drinking guidelines for all countries should be lowered to no more than one drink per day.


Does the funding of research by alcohol companies lead to sponsorship bias? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 239 28 May 2020

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent study set out to evaluate sponsorship bias in observational alcohol research by focusing on a spectrum of health outcomes related to moderate alcohol consumption.


Alcohol and cardiovascular heart disease - The impossibility of standardising confounders - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 238 8 Apr 2020

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

In a recent meta-analysis into alcohol consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), the authors compared earlier studies for the number of potential confounding variables included in each paper.


Will your alcohol consumption help or hinder you from reaching 90? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 237 3 Mar 2020

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

An interesting and well-done study from a cohort of ageing men in the Netherlands that evaluated how alcohol consumption data collected at 68-to-70 years old related to the risk that the individual would survive to age 90.


Why studies into the link between alcohol and breast cancer have produced different results - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 236 21 Feb 2020

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The relationship between alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer has been the subject of innumerable epidemiologic studies over many decades, with most showing a slight increase in risk even for light drinking. However, it has been shown that this relationship is attenuated when certain potential confounders are adjusted for, including folate levels, frequency of binge drinking and the use of post-menopausal hormonal therapy.


What effect does alcohol have on consumers with a lower socio-economic status? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 235 16 Jan 2020

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

In recently-released research, the authors aimed to investigate whether - and to what extent - consumption by beverage type, BMI, smoking and other factors explain inequalities in alcohol-related harm evidenced through wholly-attributable alcohol-related hospital admissions (ARHA).


How good for you is red wine? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 234 18 Nov 2019

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The latest research to go under The ISFAR's microscope supports earlier research relating wine consumption to gut microbiota and its relationship with obesity as well as with cardiovascular and other diseases.


Can alcohol consumption slow the onset of dementia? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 233 11 Nov 2019

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The latest study to go under The ISFAR's microscope was designed to assess the association between alcohol consumption and dementia and the roles of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and apolipoproteinEe4 (APOEE4) genotype in modifying this association.


Does moderate alcohol consumption in later life reduce the risk of mortality? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 232 4 Sep 2019

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

There are well-known problems inherent in most observational studies of alcohol and health. As well as having to rely on self-reporting of intake, these include single-time point consumption assessments, inadequate confounder adjustments, accounting for reverse causation, selection bias, short follow-up, residual confounding and lacking information on chronic health conditions that may mediate the association between alcohol consumption and mortality.


What effect does alcohol consumption have on obesity? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 231 21 Aug 2019

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

While alcoholic beverages contain calories that are absorbed, the association between alcohol intake and body weight and obesity is unclear. Limited clinical trials have not confirmed a positive association between alcohol intake and weight, while some epidemiologic studies, including prospective cohort studies, show that regular moderate drinkers are less likely to be obese than abstainers.


What effect do beverages have on developing diabetes? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 230 20 Aug 2019

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Of all lifestyle factors that relate to health and disease, probably the most difficult ones to evaluate are dietary factors, including foods, nutrients and beverages.


How alcohol can affect the development of colorectal cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 229 11 Jul 2019

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

While heavy alcohol consumption is recognised as a contributor to the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), an increasing number of studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumption may not have an adverse effect on the risk of CRC, or even decrease the risk.


Could alcohol consumption affect the onset of pulmonary disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 227 29 May 2019

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem and cause of death throughout the world. While cigarette smoking is known to be the most important risk factor, there is limited data available on the relation of alcohol consumption to the condition.


How red wine can reduce risk of lethal prostate cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 226 16 May 2019

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

In an analysis from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, investigators evaluated the relation of alcohol consumption in their over 45,000 study participants to the development of lethal prostate cancer. They related alcohol first to the overall risk of prostate cancer among all subjects, then focused on the 5,182 men who developed non-metastatic prostate cancer to judge their risk of developing lethal prostate cancer or mortality.


Can consuming alcohol reduce risk of chronic kidney disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 225 8 Apr 2019

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

While many studies have found that moderate consumers of alcohol tend to be at a lower risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), potential mechanisms for such an effect are unclear. A recent large prospective, population-based, multi-cultural study provides important additional data on the effects of alcohol intake on the initial diagnosis of CKD over many years.


Could consuming alcohol help with diabetes? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 224 12 Mar 2019

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Diabetes mellitus is an increasingly-common condition throughout the world, related closely to increases in obesity and ageing of populations. Scientific data from well-conducted cohort studies have demonstrated for decades that moderate consumers of alcohol tend to have a considerably lower risk of developing diabetes in the first place. Meanwhile, diabetics who consume moderate amounts of alcohol are, in comparison with abstainers, shown to be at much lower risk of developing cardiovascular disease.


Does alcohol consumption accelerate the chances of developing coronary heart disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 222 21 Dec 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

In an attempt to judge the effects of alcohol on the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), a recent report carried out analyses using a sample of subjects from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol & Related Conditions III (NESARC-III). The authors based their exposure to current alcohol use on a single assessment at baseline of self-reported consumption during the past year, when the subjects were an average of 38.9 years of age.


Which alcohol category is better for avoiding stomach cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 221 20 Nov 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

There have been conflicting results from studies of the association between alcohol intake and the risk of gastric cancer. Some of the differences among studies have related to mixing subjects from Western countries with those from Asia, where dietary patterns, lifestyle factors, drinking patterns and types of alcohol consumed differ from those among Western populations.


Why there's more to dying than just drinking - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 220 16 Oct 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

For reasons unclear, the authors of a recent study into alcohol consumption and mortality combined results from two, very different studies; one from the Veterans’ Health Administration, based on outpatient clinical medical records, and the other from a national survey in the US [The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)]. Unfortunately, the VA data did not adjust for tobacco use or other important lifestyle habits, and is not useful in judging the effects of alcohol consumption on mortality.


Can alcohol consumption guidelines be drawn up on a global basis? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 219 4 Sep 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Investigators working with data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries & Risk Factors Study 2016 have combined data from 195 locations around the world, from 1990 to 2016, for both sexes and for five-year age groups between the ages of 15 years and 95 years and older.


How will your alcohol intake affect the likelihood of dementia in later life? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 218 22 Aug 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

While there is general agreement that the moderate intake of alcohol is associated with a significantly-lower risk of cardiovascular disease, there is less data on the relation of moderate alcohol consumption to dementia. However, the vast majority of well-done prospective studies indicate that, in comparison with non-drinkers, moderate, non-binge-drinking older adults have lower risk of Alzheimer Disease and other types of dementia.


The more you drink, the greater your risk of cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 217 11 Jul 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Scientific studies have shown consistently that the consumption of small amounts of alcohol on a regular basis is associated with a lower risk of total mortality, while consumption of large amounts is associated with an increased risk of certain cancers and mortality.


How best to fight the 'diseases of ageing' - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 216 10 Jul 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

It has long been known that a number of lifestyle factors – such as not smoking, being physically active, avoiding obesity – decrease the risk of many of the 'diseases of ageing', especially cardiovascular disease and cancer.


Female? Smoker? What you should know about alcohol consumption - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 215 14 May 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

While essentially all epidemiologic studies have shown adverse health effects of cigarette smoking and beneficial effects of moderate alcohol consumption, a recent study in this area that followed a cohort of elderly women into very old age proved interesting reading.


Should recommended alcohol consumption limits be reduced? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 214 23 Apr 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Using individual-participant data from a number of large studies, predominantly from the UK and other European countries, the authors of a recent study have estimated the association between the reported level of alcohol intake among drinkers with cardiovascular outcomes and mortality.


What effect does alcohol have on middle-aged and elderly women? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 213 28 Mar 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The ISFAR has been studying recently-released research that looks at the effect alcohol has on cardiovascular disease and mortality among a very large number of middle-aged or elderly women.


How much of a part does the alcohol play in wine's health effects? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 212 15 Mar 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

While epidemiologists have long noted that wine consumers tend to have better health outcomes than consumers of other alcoholic beverages, it has always been of concern that we were comparing drinkers, and not the drink itself.

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