90 results in the archive - showing page 1 of 3

Which alcohol category carries a lower risk of gastric cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 210 9 Jan 2018

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

While heavy alcohol intake has regularly been found to increase the risk of upper aero-digestive tract cancers (mouth, tongue, pharynx, larynx, etc), results are less clear for gastric cancer.


Does alcohol make you fat? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 209 14 Dec 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The public, and scientists, have long been concerned about the relation between alcohol consumption and weight gain, as all alcoholic beverages contain calories. However, most epidemiologic studies do not find that light or moderate drinkers weigh more than their abstaining peers, and some even show lower weight among moderate drinkers than among abstainers.


The long-running battle to promote moderate drinking goes on - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 208 20 Nov 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recently-released publication from the American Society of Clinical Oncology attempted to describe the relation between alcohol consumption and cancer, including the effects on the risk of developing cancer and effects among subjects currently being treated for cancer. It came to the conclusion that there is a need for the public to be warned about the use of alcohol because of its effects on cancer, and describes numerous approaches for decreasing alcohol use in the population.


Is there a 'right' amount of alcohol to drink when pregnant? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 207 6 Nov 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

There is no question that high levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy can lead to severe adverse effects on the foetus, with the most serious condition known as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Many studies have also related alcohol intake during pregnancy with premature birth, low birth weight, and the infant being small for gestational age (SGA). Data on the effects of occasional or light drinking are not as clear, but most studies have not detected adverse effects.


Why cultural differences are vital in gauging alcohol consumers' health - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 206 4 Oct 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

It has been clearly shown that similar amounts of alcohol tend to have different health effects - both beneficial and adverse - in different cultures. Greater health benefits from moderate alcohol intake have been shown, for example, in southern European countries, where wine with meals is common, than in more northern European countries, where beer and spirits are more likely to be consumed and usually not with food.


How much alcohol will kill you, and when? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 205 5 Sep 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The most usual finding in longitudinal cohort studies has been that light-to-moderate consumers of alcohol tend to be at lower risk for total mortality, and show greater longevity of life, even when other lifestyle/demographic factors known to affect longevity are adjusted for in the analysis. A recent analysis is important as it presents data on the relation of alcohol intake to total mortality as well as to specific mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer for a very large number of subjects in the US.


How much should you drink to help you live longer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 204 22 Aug 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A number of studies have shown that the risk of cognitive impairment appears to be reduced among elderly subjects who consume moderate amounts of alcohol; most studies indicate that both light and moderate drinking are associated with a lower risk of dementia, but heavy drinking is often shown to be associated with higher cognitive risk for dementia and cognitive impairment.


Why moderate drinking affects elderly consumers less than no drinking - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 203 8 Aug 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Falls are common among the elderly, and markedly increase the subsequent risk of morbidity and mortality. A recent study examined the association between certain patterns of alcohol consumption, including the Mediterranean drinking pattern (MDP), and the risk of falls in more than 2,000 elderly subjects over 3.3 years. At the end of follow up, 21.4% of subjects reported at least one fall in the previous year.


How important is folate intake for reducing breast cancer risk from alcohol consumption? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 202 18 Jul 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The strongest factor associated with the risk of a woman developing breast cancer appears to be a positive family history of such a diagnosis in a sibling or mother. Among environmental factors, almost all studies have shown that alcohol consumption relates to increased risk; a slight increase is often seen even among women who report only light drinking - an average of less than one drink per day, for example.


What effect - if any - does lifestyle have on mortality? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 201 27 Jun 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent study set out to examine differences in the risk of mortality and in survival associated with a healthy lifestyle versus a less healthy lifestyle.


Does light drinking increase the risk of cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 200 12 Jun 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The association between the consumption of alcohol and the risk of cancer has been of great interest for many decades. There are a number of types of cancer, especially those of the upper aero-digestive tract (such as mouth, tongue, pharynx, etc.) that are clearly increased among heavy drinkers, especially among subjects who are also heavy smokers.


Does socio-economic status increase risks from alcohol consumption? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 199 30 May 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The positive and negative health effects of alcohol consumption are modified by the socio-economic status (SES) of individuals. Truly moderate drinkers who are from higher SES strata have better health outcomes and fewer adverse effects from alcohol than lower-SES subjects supposedly consuming similar amounts.


How does alcohol affect the likelihood of cardiovascular disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 198 25 Apr 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Members of the ISFAR recently considered an important critique of nearly 2m people, which confirmed the J-shaped association of moderate alcohol consumption with significantly less heart disease than among both non-drinkers and heavy drinkers.


Does alcohol accelerate the onset of dementia? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 197 24 Apr 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A number of epidemiologic studies have found that light-to-moderate alcohol intake is associated with a lower risk of developing dementia and/or cognitive decline, while excessive drinking may increase the risk.


The strong links between binge drinking and cardiovascular disease - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 196 6 Feb 2017

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The ISFAR recently considered a review paper on the effects of binge drinking on the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), noting that it provides considerable information on a topic of importance to public health.


How much of alcohol's "health benefits" relate to a consumer's socio-economic status? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 195 19 Dec 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

It has long been recognised from epidemiologic studies that both the positive and negative health effects of alcohol consumption are modified by an individual's socio-economic status (SES). Higher SES subjects (higher education, income, job status, etc.) are more likely to be regular moderate drinkers, while lower SES subjects are more likely to binge drink and under-report their alcohol intake.


What is the effect of long-term alcohol use on mortality among women? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 194 23 Nov 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

In a follow-up analysis of almost 50,000 young women, aged 30 to 49 at baseline, in the Swedish Women’s Lifestyle and Health cohort, researchers used self-reported information on alcohol consumption on two occasions, 12 years apart, to estimate the effects of alcohol on overall and cause-specific mortality.


How likely can alcohol consumption bring on a stroke? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 193 1 Nov 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Data from epidemiologic studies that looks at the relationship between alcohol consumption and the different types of stroke is quite consistent: For ischemic stroke, an inverse association with moderate drinking and a possible increase with heavy drinking (a j-shaped curve); For hemorrhagic stroke, a direct positive association, although some studies suggest that there may be a threshold level for an increase in risk.


How great is the risk of prostate cancer from alcohol consumption? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 192 12 Sep 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Scientific research on the association of alcohol consumption with the risk of prostate cancer has been mixed.


A step forward in the research of alcohol's effects on health and disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 191 25 Aug 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Observational epidemiologic studies relating alcohol consumption to health and disease have been remarkably consistent over many decades: light to moderate alcohol intake is related to improved cardiovascular health and less diabetes, while heavy intake and binge drinking relate primarily to adverse cardiovascular and other disease outcomes.


Alcohol intake during middle age and later atherosclerosis - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 190 11 Aug 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Carotid artery disease can be estimated by ultrasound from the thickness of the wall of the arteries (recorded as carotid artery intima/medial thickness, cIMT) and by evidence of atherosclerotic plaques within the carotid arteries. The association between alcohol intake and such lesions is unclear, as some studies show a positive association with cIMT and/or plaques while others show no association. 


The importance of the drinking pattern on wine’s health effects - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 189 26 Jul 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent review article appearing in Food & Function, a publication of the Royal Society of Chemistry in the UK, presents a summary of evidence-based scientific data relating the moderate consumption of wine and other alcoholic beverages to health.


Pulling apart poor research linking alcohol consumption and cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 188 28 Jun 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Previous scientific research has shown that heavy alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for upper aero-digestive cancers, and even light drinking increases slightly the risk of breast cancer in women. A recent study is based on a very small number of cases of cancer in New Zealand, tabulated separately for Maori and non-Maori subjects. The research applies estimates of alcohol effects from other population-based studies.


Is there a link between alcohol and skin cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 187 14 Jun 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Skin cancers, whether melanoma, basal cell, or squamous cell, are all increased by ultra-violet rays of the sun, and such cancers are much more common in areas of the world with more sun exposure. The risk of such cancers, however, is higher among individuals reporting excessive tanning. A recent study was undertaken to judge the relation between alcohol consumption and the risk of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), an association that is unclear from earlier research.


Alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer and heart disease - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 186 19 May 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A large study from Denmark was designed to test the hypothesis that women who increase their alcohol intake over a five-year period have a higher risk of breast cancer and a lower risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) compared with women who exhibit a stable alcohol intake.


Can consuming alcohol lead to the development of a heart condition? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 185 28 Apr 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent study in Denmark tested the hypothesis that alcohol consumption, both observational (self-reported) and estimated by genetic instruments, is associated with the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) and to determine whether people with high cardiovascular risk are more sensitive towards alcohol than people with low risk.


The link between alcohol consumption and pancreatic cancer - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 184 4 Apr 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The ISFAR reviewed a meta-analysis based on data from more than 4m subjects in prospective cohort studies, among whom 11,846 incident cases of pancreatic cancer were diagnosed.


When research gets it wrong - An unusual analysis of the association of alcohol consumption with mortality - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 183 24 Mar 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The stated purpose of this new analysis was to determine whether misclassifying former and occasional drinkers as abstainers and other potentially-confounding study characteristics underlie observed positive health outcomes for low volume drinkers in prospective studies of mortality.


What association between alcohol consumption and the risk of diabetes mellitus? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 182 8 Mar 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Most previous studies have shown that consumers of light-to-moderate amounts of alcoholic beverages tend to have a significant reduction in their subsequent risk of developing Type II diabetes mellitus (DM).


What is the association between alcohol intake and total mortality risk among women? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 180 9 Feb 2016

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Recent research followed more than 6,000 women in a population-based cohort in an area of southern Sweden. The results of the follow-up were used to estimate how baseline levels of alcohol consumption, at age 50-59 years, related to total mortality risk over the subsequent 17 year

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