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International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Columns by International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol ResearchCritiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research hosts forums that look at research conducted around the world on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health.

Articles by International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The part played by cultural differences must be considered when researching the effects of alcohol consumption on consumers, warns The ISFARWhy cultural differences are vital in gauging alcohol consumers' health - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 206 4 October 2017

It has been clearly shown that similar amounts of alcohol tend to have different health effects - both beneficial and adverse - in different cultures. Greater health benefits from moderate alcohol intake have been shown, for example, in southern European countries, where wine with meals is common, than in more northern European countries, where beer and spirits are more likely to be consumed and usually not with food.


This latest critique from The ISFAR considers research into alcohol consumption and total mortalityHow much alcohol will kill you, and when? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 205 5 September 2017

The most usual finding in longitudinal cohort studies has been that light-to-moderate consumers of alcohol tend to be at lower risk for total mortality, and show greater longevity of life, even when other lifestyle/demographic factors known to affect longevity are adjusted for in the analysis. A recent analysis is important as it presents data on the relation of alcohol intake to total mortality as well as to specific mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer for a very large number of subjects in the US.


The latest critique from The ISFAR considers research into alcohol consumption and the elderlyHow much should you drink to help you live longer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 204 22 August 2017

A number of studies have shown that the risk of cognitive impairment appears to be reduced among elderly subjects who consume moderate amounts of alcohol; most studies indicate that both light and moderate drinking are associated with a lower risk of dementia, but heavy drinking is often shown to be associated with higher cognitive risk for dementia and cognitive impairment.


The latest ISFAR critique looks at research into the effect of alcohol consumption on the number of falls among the elderlyWhy moderate drinking affects elderly consumers less than no drinking - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 203 8 August 2017

Falls are common among the elderly, and markedly increase the subsequent risk of morbidity and mortality. A recent study examined the association between certain patterns of alcohol consumption, including the Mediterranean drinking pattern (MDP), and the risk of falls in more than 2,000 elderly subjects over 3.3 years. At the end of follow up, 21.4% of subjects reported at least one fall in the previous year.


The latest critique from The ISFAR looks at the part alcohol could play in the development of breast cancerHow important is folate intake for reducing breast cancer risk from alcohol consumption? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 202 18 July 2017

The strongest factor associated with the risk of a woman developing breast cancer appears to be a positive family history of such a diagnosis in a sibling or mother. Among environmental factors, almost all studies have shown that alcohol consumption relates to increased risk; a slight increase is often seen even among women who report only light drinking - an average of less than one drink per day, for example.


The latest critique from The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research considers a study from SwedenWhat effect - if any - does lifestyle have on mortality? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 201 27 June 2017

A recent study set out to examine differences in the risk of mortality and in survival associated with a healthy lifestyle versus a less healthy lifestyle.


The latest critique from The ISFAR looks at research into the association between light or moderate drinking and the risk of cancerDoes light drinking increase the risk of cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 200 12 June 2017

The association between the consumption of alcohol and the risk of cancer has been of great interest for many decades. There are a number of types of cancer, especially those of the upper aero-digestive tract (such as mouth, tongue, pharynx, etc.) that are clearly increased among heavy drinkers, especially among subjects who are also heavy smokers.


The latest critique from The ISFAR considers the effects of alcohol consumption based on socio-economic statusDoes socio-economic status increase risks from alcohol consumption? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 199 30 May 2017

The positive and negative health effects of alcohol consumption are modified by the socio-economic status (SES) of individuals. Truly moderate drinkers who are from higher SES strata have better health outcomes and fewer adverse effects from alcohol than lower-SES subjects supposedly consuming similar amounts.


The ISFAR considered research into the link between alcohol and cardiovascular diseaseHow does alcohol affect the likelihood of cardiovascular disease? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 198 25 April 2017

Members of the ISFAR recently considered an important critique of nearly 2m people, which confirmed the J-shaped association of moderate alcohol consumption with significantly less heart disease than among both non-drinkers and heavy drinkers.


The ISFAR reviewed recent research into the link between alcohol and dementiaDoes alcohol accelerate the onset of dementia? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 197 24 April 2017

A number of epidemiologic studies have found that light-to-moderate alcohol intake is associated with a lower risk of developing dementia and/or cognitive decline, while excessive drinking may increase the risk.


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