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International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Columns by International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol ResearchCritiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research hosts forums that look at research conducted around the world on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health.

Articles by International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The ISFAR considers research into the effect on DNA of an alcohol-derived metaboliteCould alcohol be damaging to your DNA? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 211 23 January 2018

The latest research to go under The ISFAR's microscope concerns an extensive basic scientific experiment in mice. The authors of the paper describe the features and mutational landscape of DNA damage caused by acetaldehyde, an endogenous and alcohol-derived metabolite.


The latest ISFAR critique considers research into the role alcohol plays in developing gastric cancerWhich alcohol category carries a lower risk of gastric cancer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 210 9 January 2018

While heavy alcohol intake has regularly been found to increase the risk of upper aero-digestive tract cancers (mouth, tongue, pharynx, larynx, etc), results are less clear for gastric cancer.


The latest critique from the ISFAR look at research into the link between drinking alcohol and obesityDoes alcohol make you fat? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 209 14 December 2017

The public, and scientists, have long been concerned about the relation between alcohol consumption and weight gain, as all alcoholic beverages contain calories. However, most epidemiologic studies do not find that light or moderate drinkers weigh more than their abstaining peers, and some even show lower weight among moderate drinkers than among abstainers.


The ISFAR is unimpressed with a recently-released piece of researchThe long-running battle to promote moderate drinking goes on - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 208 20 November 2017

A recently-released publication from the American Society of Clinical Oncology attempted to describe the relation between alcohol consumption and cancer, including the effects on the risk of developing cancer and effects among subjects currently being treated for cancer. It came to the conclusion that there is a need for the public to be warned about the use of alcohol because of its effects on cancer, and describes numerous approaches for decreasing alcohol use in the population.


The ISFAR has reviewed recent research into the effect of light consumption of alcohol when pregnantIs there a 'right' amount of alcohol to drink when pregnant? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 207 6 November 2017

There is no question that high levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy can lead to severe adverse effects on the foetus, with the most serious condition known as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Many studies have also related alcohol intake during pregnancy with premature birth, low birth weight, and the infant being small for gestational age (SGA). Data on the effects of occasional or light drinking are not as clear, but most studies have not detected adverse effects.


The part played by cultural differences must be considered when researching the effects of alcohol consumption on consumers, warns The ISFARWhy cultural differences are vital in gauging alcohol consumers' health - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 206 4 October 2017

It has been clearly shown that similar amounts of alcohol tend to have different health effects - both beneficial and adverse - in different cultures. Greater health benefits from moderate alcohol intake have been shown, for example, in southern European countries, where wine with meals is common, than in more northern European countries, where beer and spirits are more likely to be consumed and usually not with food.


This latest critique from The ISFAR considers research into alcohol consumption and total mortalityHow much alcohol will kill you, and when? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 205 5 September 2017

The most usual finding in longitudinal cohort studies has been that light-to-moderate consumers of alcohol tend to be at lower risk for total mortality, and show greater longevity of life, even when other lifestyle/demographic factors known to affect longevity are adjusted for in the analysis. A recent analysis is important as it presents data on the relation of alcohol intake to total mortality as well as to specific mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer for a very large number of subjects in the US.


The latest critique from The ISFAR considers research into alcohol consumption and the elderlyHow much should you drink to help you live longer? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 204 22 August 2017

A number of studies have shown that the risk of cognitive impairment appears to be reduced among elderly subjects who consume moderate amounts of alcohol; most studies indicate that both light and moderate drinking are associated with a lower risk of dementia, but heavy drinking is often shown to be associated with higher cognitive risk for dementia and cognitive impairment.


The latest ISFAR critique looks at research into the effect of alcohol consumption on the number of falls among the elderlyWhy moderate drinking affects elderly consumers less than no drinking - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 203 8 August 2017

Falls are common among the elderly, and markedly increase the subsequent risk of morbidity and mortality. A recent study examined the association between certain patterns of alcohol consumption, including the Mediterranean drinking pattern (MDP), and the risk of falls in more than 2,000 elderly subjects over 3.3 years. At the end of follow up, 21.4% of subjects reported at least one fall in the previous year.


The latest critique from The ISFAR looks at the part alcohol could play in the development of breast cancerHow important is folate intake for reducing breast cancer risk from alcohol consumption? - International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 202 18 July 2017

The strongest factor associated with the risk of a woman developing breast cancer appears to be a positive family history of such a diagnosis in a sibling or mother. Among environmental factors, almost all studies have shown that alcohol consumption relates to increased risk; a slight increase is often seen even among women who report only light drinking - an average of less than one drink per day, for example.




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