A study ordered and paid for by the European Commission recommends that containers of alcoholic products should carry warnings describing the dangers of alcohol abuse.

The paper, by the Institute of Alcohol Studies, also calls for restrictions on advertising and on product packaging and labelling to make drinks less appealing to young drinkers and for broad educational programmes about the effects of alcohol.

The European Forum for Responsible Drinking, an alliance of drinks manufacturers, said the report "fails to take account of the cultural and regional diversity of drinking behaviour in Europe."

The Commission is to publish its long-awaited communication on alcohol policy in September.