Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

By: International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research hosts forums that look at research conducted around the world on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health.



International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 153: Moderate Alcohol Intake may Lower the Risk of Developing Diabetes among Obese Subjects 11 Dec 2014

A recent case-control study compared the risk of having a high level of haemoglobin A1c, a measure of hyperglycemia, and of the waist/height ratio, a measure of obesity, according to reported alcohol consumption.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 152: Specific Genetic Factors Modify the Reduction in Heart Disease Risk from Alcohol Consumption 27 Nov 2014

It has long been known that genetic and other environmental factors modify the association between alcohol consumption and a variety of diseases, especially coronary heart disease (CHD).


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 151: Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Results from Multiple Maternal Factors during Pregnancy 21 Nov 2014

Excessive maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy (especially among women with alcohol dependency) is known to markedly increase the risk of the foetus showing a group of developmental disorders defined as foetal alcohol spectrum syndrome (FASD), with the most serious form being foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 150: The Relation of Alcohol Consumption to the Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease 17 Nov 2014

A recent meta-analysis was produced by authors who, in the past, have tended to argue that the demonstrated inverse association between moderate alcohol consumption and ischemic heart disease (IHD) shown in most studies is due to confounding by other lifestyle factors.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 148: Alcohol and Liver Cancer 24 Sep 2014

Hepatic cirrhosis frequently precedes the development of liver cancer, and excessive alcohol consumption is known to be one cause of cirrhosis.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 147: Association of Alcohol Intake with Different Types of Breast Cancer 11 Sep 2014

The study concerned is based on a large number of women participating in a clinical trial (enhanced screening for certain cancers versus routine care) focusing on prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 146: Alcohol and the Risk of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm 4 Sep 2014

The large majority of prospective epidemiologic studies on the effects of alcohol consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke have shown a significant reduction in risk for moderate drinkers.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 144: Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Endometrial Cancer 18 Aug 2014

In a new analysis from the Nurses’ Health Study, investigators have related repeatedly-assessed long-term alcohol intake, and related the cumulative average intake over time to the risk of invasive uterine cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 143: Is Alcohol's Cardio-Protective Effect Still Valid? 21 Jul 2014

A recent paper, which uses a very large dataset from subjects of European descent, uses a Mendelian randomisation analysis to estimate the effects of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular disease (CVD), using as the instrumental variable an uncommon allele affecting alcohol metabolism, the ADH1B rs1229984 variant.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 142: A Study on Alcohol Consumption and Mortality 14 Jul 2014

The large European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Study (EPIC) has released a new analysis of the relation of alcohol consumption to mortality.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 141: Alcohol Consumption and the Risk of Myocardial Infarction 4 Jul 2014

The Interheart Study is a large international collaborative project which follows individuals with a first heart attack (myocardial infarction) and compares their age- and sex-matched controls across 52 countries in Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Australia, North and South America.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 139: Does Adjustment for Stress Levels explain the Protective Effect of Moderate Drinking on the Risk of Mortality? 19 May 2014

An inverse or reduced risk association between moderate alcohol consumption and total mortality has been reported in most prospective epidemiologic studies, even after adjustments for all known potential confounders such as educational level, job and health.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 138: Under-Reporting of Alcohol Intake Affects the Relation of Alcohol to the Risk of Cancer 23 Apr 2014

Epidemiologists are often faced with reported adverse health effects of alcohol among subjects reporting very low levels of consumption, levels that physiologically should not cause diseases such as cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 136: Alcohol’s Effects on Cardiovascular Risk among Subjects with Diabetes Mellitus 19 Mar 2014

A paper by Blomster JI, to be published in Diabetes Care is based on the largest study on diabetes in the world.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 135: Binge Drinking Increases Mortality Risk among Moderate Drinkers 12 Mar 2014

A recent study of late-life alcohol consumption and drinking problems was based on a sample of “late-middle-aged” (55–65 years old at baseline) “community residents” who were recruited from the western part of the US.


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