74 results in the archive - showing page 2 of 3

International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 161: The Effects of Alcohol Consumption on the Risk of Hip Fracture 31 Mar 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Among elderly people, falls leading to hip fracture are a major health problem, leading to severe morbidity and mortality. Underlying factors that increase the risk of hip and other fractures include osteoporosis and low bone mineral density, as well as an unsteady gait making falls more common.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 160: Do the Calories in Alcoholic Beverages lead to Increased Obesity? 25 Mar 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Among people who consume alcohol, it would be assumed that the excess calories provided by the alcohol would add to their risk of obesity. However, current data suggests that the association may be more complex.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 159: Alcohol as a Component of the Mediterranean-Type Diet; Effects on the Risk of Mortality among Diabetics 17 Mar 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Mediterranean area. The primary basis of the diet is on plant-based foods (whole grains, vegetables, fruits), olive oil, moderate wine consumption, and limited intake of meat or dairy products.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 158: Alcohol Recommendations in the Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee 4 Mar 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Last month, the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee submitted the 'Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee' to the Secretaries of the US Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 157: A Mistaken Interpretation of Data Relating Alcohol to Mortality 20 Feb 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The authors of a recent paper on alcohol and mortality, and the case for age-specific alcohol consumption guidelines published in the BMJ, have carried out a regression analysis to examine the association of reported alcohol consumption with all-cause mortality, dividing their sample into different age groups.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 156: The Pattern of Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Cirrhosis 10 Feb 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent paper, from a group of experienced investigators in Denmark using data from a large population-based cohort, attempted to judge how drinking pattern affects the risk of a subject developing alcoholic cirrhosis.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 155: The Effects of Alcohol Consumption on the Risk of Developing Heart Failure 3 Feb 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

An analysis of data from 'Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC)' evaluated the effects of alcohol consumption at baseline, and the cumulative average intake based on several later assessments during a 24-year follow-up period, on the risk of the development of heart failure (HF).


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 154: Effects of Alcohol Consumption Changes on Dementia Risk among Elderly Women 12 Jan 2015

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A number of prospective studies have shown that moderate drinkers are at lower risk of developing dementia or cognitive impairment than abstainers or heavy drinkers.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 153: Moderate Alcohol Intake may Lower the Risk of Developing Diabetes among Obese Subjects 11 Dec 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent case-control study compared the risk of having a high level of haemoglobin A1c, a measure of hyperglycemia, and of the waist/height ratio, a measure of obesity, according to reported alcohol consumption.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 152: Specific Genetic Factors Modify the Reduction in Heart Disease Risk from Alcohol Consumption 27 Nov 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

It has long been known that genetic and other environmental factors modify the association between alcohol consumption and a variety of diseases, especially coronary heart disease (CHD).


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 151: Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Results from Multiple Maternal Factors during Pregnancy 21 Nov 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Excessive maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy (especially among women with alcohol dependency) is known to markedly increase the risk of the foetus showing a group of developmental disorders defined as foetal alcohol spectrum syndrome (FASD), with the most serious form being foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 150: The Relation of Alcohol Consumption to the Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease 17 Nov 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent meta-analysis was produced by authors who, in the past, have tended to argue that the demonstrated inverse association between moderate alcohol consumption and ischemic heart disease (IHD) shown in most studies is due to confounding by other lifestyle factors.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 148: Alcohol and Liver Cancer 24 Sep 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Hepatic cirrhosis frequently precedes the development of liver cancer, and excessive alcohol consumption is known to be one cause of cirrhosis.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 147: Association of Alcohol Intake with Different Types of Breast Cancer 11 Sep 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The study concerned is based on a large number of women participating in a clinical trial (enhanced screening for certain cancers versus routine care) focusing on prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 146: Alcohol and the Risk of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm 4 Sep 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The large majority of prospective epidemiologic studies on the effects of alcohol consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke have shown a significant reduction in risk for moderate drinkers.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 144: Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Endometrial Cancer 18 Aug 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

In a new analysis from the Nurses’ Health Study, investigators have related repeatedly-assessed long-term alcohol intake, and related the cumulative average intake over time to the risk of invasive uterine cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 143: Is Alcohol's Cardio-Protective Effect Still Valid? 21 Jul 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent paper, which uses a very large dataset from subjects of European descent, uses a Mendelian randomisation analysis to estimate the effects of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular disease (CVD), using as the instrumental variable an uncommon allele affecting alcohol metabolism, the ADH1B rs1229984 variant.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 142: A Study on Alcohol Consumption and Mortality 14 Jul 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The large European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Study (EPIC) has released a new analysis of the relation of alcohol consumption to mortality.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 141: Alcohol Consumption and the Risk of Myocardial Infarction 4 Jul 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The Interheart Study is a large international collaborative project which follows individuals with a first heart attack (myocardial infarction) and compares their age- and sex-matched controls across 52 countries in Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Australia, North and South America.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 139: Does Adjustment for Stress Levels explain the Protective Effect of Moderate Drinking on the Risk of Mortality? 19 May 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

An inverse or reduced risk association between moderate alcohol consumption and total mortality has been reported in most prospective epidemiologic studies, even after adjustments for all known potential confounders such as educational level, job and health.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 138: Under-Reporting of Alcohol Intake Affects the Relation of Alcohol to the Risk of Cancer 23 Apr 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Epidemiologists are often faced with reported adverse health effects of alcohol among subjects reporting very low levels of consumption, levels that physiologically should not cause diseases such as cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 136: Alcohol’s Effects on Cardiovascular Risk among Subjects with Diabetes Mellitus 19 Mar 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A paper by Blomster JI, to be published in Diabetes Care is based on the largest study on diabetes in the world.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 135: Binge Drinking Increases Mortality Risk among Moderate Drinkers 12 Mar 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent study of late-life alcohol consumption and drinking problems was based on a sample of “late-middle-aged” (55–65 years old at baseline) “community residents” who were recruited from the western part of the US.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 133: Alcohol Intake may Lower the Risk of Developing Multiple Sclerosis 4 Feb 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Previous research has shown that alcohol consumption may be associated with a reduced risk of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, and other autoimmune diseases. There have also been reports that alcohol may lower the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS).


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 132: Pattern of Alcohol Consumption and Cause of Death in a Large European Prospective Study 22 Jan 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A large group of investigators participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study have reported on the association of alcohol consumption with disease-specific mortality over a 12-year period among a very large number of men and women.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 131: Effects of Alcohol Consumption on the Risk of Gout 23 Dec 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A new meta-analysis has been conducted to assess the effects of alcohol consumption on the risk of gout.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 129: Effects of Alcohol Consumption on Risk of Skin Cancers 25 Nov 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent report from more than 59,000 women in the Women’s Health Initiative related alcohol consumption to the risk of melanoma (MM) and non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC).


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 128: Little Effect of Alcohol Consumption on Breast Cancer Risk Found among African-American Women 18 Nov 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Alcohol is known to be a risk factor for breast cancer in Caucasian women, but the evidence in African-American (AA) women is limited and results from previous studies are inconclusive.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 127: Estimation of Alcohol-Attributable and Alcohol-Preventable Mortality in Denmark 7 Nov 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

In an attempt to judge the harmful and beneficial health effects related to alcohol consumption, scientists in Denmark have carried out analyses comparing alcohol-attributable and alcohol-preventable mortality in the country.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 126: Moderate Alcohol Intake may Lower the Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis 11 Oct 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Moderate alcohol intake, compared with abstinence, has been related to lower inflammatory markers and a reduced risk of many auto-immune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmure diabetes, and Graves hyperthyroidism.

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