61 results in the archive - showing page 2 of 3

International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 147: Association of Alcohol Intake with Different Types of Breast Cancer 11 Sep 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The study concerned is based on a large number of women participating in a clinical trial (enhanced screening for certain cancers versus routine care) focusing on prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 146: Alcohol and the Risk of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm 4 Sep 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The large majority of prospective epidemiologic studies on the effects of alcohol consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke have shown a significant reduction in risk for moderate drinkers.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 144: Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Endometrial Cancer 18 Aug 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

In a new analysis from the Nurses’ Health Study, investigators have related repeatedly-assessed long-term alcohol intake, and related the cumulative average intake over time to the risk of invasive uterine cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 143: Is Alcohol's Cardio-Protective Effect Still Valid? 21 Jul 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent paper, which uses a very large dataset from subjects of European descent, uses a Mendelian randomisation analysis to estimate the effects of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular disease (CVD), using as the instrumental variable an uncommon allele affecting alcohol metabolism, the ADH1B rs1229984 variant.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 142: A Study on Alcohol Consumption and Mortality 14 Jul 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The large European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Study (EPIC) has released a new analysis of the relation of alcohol consumption to mortality.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 141: Alcohol Consumption and the Risk of Myocardial Infarction 4 Jul 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The Interheart Study is a large international collaborative project which follows individuals with a first heart attack (myocardial infarction) and compares their age- and sex-matched controls across 52 countries in Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Australia, North and South America.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 139: Does Adjustment for Stress Levels explain the Protective Effect of Moderate Drinking on the Risk of Mortality? 19 May 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

An inverse or reduced risk association between moderate alcohol consumption and total mortality has been reported in most prospective epidemiologic studies, even after adjustments for all known potential confounders such as educational level, job and health.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 138: Under-Reporting of Alcohol Intake Affects the Relation of Alcohol to the Risk of Cancer 23 Apr 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Epidemiologists are often faced with reported adverse health effects of alcohol among subjects reporting very low levels of consumption, levels that physiologically should not cause diseases such as cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 136: Alcohol’s Effects on Cardiovascular Risk among Subjects with Diabetes Mellitus 19 Mar 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A paper by Blomster JI, to be published in Diabetes Care is based on the largest study on diabetes in the world.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 135: Binge Drinking Increases Mortality Risk among Moderate Drinkers 12 Mar 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent study of late-life alcohol consumption and drinking problems was based on a sample of “late-middle-aged” (55–65 years old at baseline) “community residents” who were recruited from the western part of the US.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 133: Alcohol Intake may Lower the Risk of Developing Multiple Sclerosis 4 Feb 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Previous research has shown that alcohol consumption may be associated with a reduced risk of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, and other autoimmune diseases. There have also been reports that alcohol may lower the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS).


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 132: Pattern of Alcohol Consumption and Cause of Death in a Large European Prospective Study 22 Jan 2014

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A large group of investigators participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study have reported on the association of alcohol consumption with disease-specific mortality over a 12-year period among a very large number of men and women.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 131: Effects of Alcohol Consumption on the Risk of Gout 23 Dec 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A new meta-analysis has been conducted to assess the effects of alcohol consumption on the risk of gout.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 129: Effects of Alcohol Consumption on Risk of Skin Cancers 25 Nov 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent report from more than 59,000 women in the Women’s Health Initiative related alcohol consumption to the risk of melanoma (MM) and non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC).


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 128: Little Effect of Alcohol Consumption on Breast Cancer Risk Found among African-American Women 18 Nov 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Alcohol is known to be a risk factor for breast cancer in Caucasian women, but the evidence in African-American (AA) women is limited and results from previous studies are inconclusive.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 127: Estimation of Alcohol-Attributable and Alcohol-Preventable Mortality in Denmark 7 Nov 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

In an attempt to judge the harmful and beneficial health effects related to alcohol consumption, scientists in Denmark have carried out analyses comparing alcohol-attributable and alcohol-preventable mortality in the country.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 126: Moderate Alcohol Intake may Lower the Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis 11 Oct 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Moderate alcohol intake, compared with abstinence, has been related to lower inflammatory markers and a reduced risk of many auto-immune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmure diabetes, and Graves hyperthyroidism.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 125: Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Colorectal Cancer; Potential Modification by Folate Intake 25 Sep 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Many epidemiologic studies have shown a slight increase in the risk of breast cancer and colorectal cancer to be associated with alcohol consumption.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 123: Alcohol Consumption and Lymphoid and Myeloid Neoplasms 5 Sep 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Many prospective studies have shown that moderate drinkers are at lower risk of certain types of lymphoid cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 122: Does Moderate Wine Consumption Lower the Risk of Developing Depression? 4 Sep 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

There is a large amount of literature linking heavy alcohol consumption to depression: Most studies show that heavy drinkers tend to be depressed, and that depressed people may self-medicate with large amounts of alcohol.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 121: Differences Between Wine and Other Alcoholic Beverages in terms of Adverse Consequences of Alcohol Consumption 27 Aug 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Questionnaire-based data on alcohol consumption were collected from more than 5,000 military recruits in Switzerland, who had a mean age of just over 19 years.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 120: Binge Drinking Impairs Endothelial Function in Young People 20 Aug 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The function of the vascular endothelium is a key process in the development of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease, and extensive studies among middle-aged and elderly adults generally show beneficial effects of moderate drinking on vascular function.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 119: A Consensus Statement on the Association of Moderate Alcohol Consumption and Health 13 Aug 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A group of Italian scientists has prepared a consensus paper to review the available evidence on the association between moderate alcohol use and health and disease.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 118: Alcohol Consumption and Socioeconomic and Biologic Risk Factors for Cancer 30 Jul 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

It has been shown in most studies that moderate drinkers - especially those who generally consume wine - tend to have other 'moderate' lifestyle factors. For example, they tend to be better educated, of higher socio-economic status, and generally are more active and eat a healthier diet than non-drinkers.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 117: Alcohol Intake Changes and the Effect on Fibrinogen 22 Jul 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A prospective analysis of data from 2,520 subjects in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (CARDIA) cohort-related reported alcohol intake at two examinations, 13 years apart, to levels of fibrinogen on the two occasions.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 116: Effects of Genetic Factors on the Metabolism of Alcohol 10 Jul 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A recent paper by Israel Y et, published in Front Behav Neurosci, presents an excellent summary of the effects of genetically-determined enzymes that affect the metabolism of alcohol; such factors relate strongly to both the rewarding and the aversive effects of alcohol.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 115: Potential Association of Alcohol Consumption with Diverticulosis 26 Jun 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The etiology of diverticulosis of the colon is poorly understood. Many, but not all, studies suggest that low-fibre intake and obesity increase the risk; few studies have evaluated the relation of alcohol consumption and diverticulosis, with inconclusive results.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 113: Metabolic and Biochemical Mechanisms by which Alcohol Consumption affects Health 18 Jun 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

A large study from Australia, which included a high percentage of current or former alcohol abusers, related alcohol consumption with a variety of metabolic and biologic parameters that relate to health. Included were markers of lipid function, inflammation, glucose metabolism, and liver function.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 112: Relation of Alcohol Intake to Risk of Dying from Cancer 23 May 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

There have been many papers relating alcohol intake to specific types of cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 111: Association of Alcohol Consumption with a Measure of Osteoporosis in Elderly Women 8 May 2013

Column: Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The density of bones, measured as bone mineral density (BMD), is strongly related to osteoporosis. Elderly women with osteoporosis, in particular, are at increased risk of fractures of the hip, arm, and spine; such fractures often relate to severe disability.

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