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International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Columns by International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

Critiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol ResearchCritiques from the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research hosts forums that look at research conducted around the world on the relationship between alcohol consumption and health.

Articles by International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research

The latest critique from The ISFAR considers research into the link between alcohol consumption and 
diabetes among obese consumersInternational Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 153: Moderate Alcohol Intake may Lower the Risk of Developing Diabetes among Obese Subjects 11 December 2014

A recent case-control study compared the risk of having a high level of haemoglobin A1c, a measure of hyperglycemia, and of the waist/height ratio, a measure of obesity, according to reported alcohol consumption.


The latest critique from the ISFAR considers research from Sweden into alcohol consumption and its link with coronary heart disease International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 152: Specific Genetic Factors Modify the Reduction in Heart Disease Risk from Alcohol Consumption 27 November 2014

It has long been known that genetic and other environmental factors modify the association between alcohol consumption and a variety of diseases, especially coronary heart disease (CHD).


The latest critique from the ISFAR considers recent research into Foetal Alcohol SyndromeInternational Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 151: Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Results from Multiple Maternal Factors during Pregnancy 21 November 2014

Excessive maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy (especially among women with alcohol dependency) is known to markedly increase the risk of the foetus showing a group of developmental disorders defined as foetal alcohol spectrum syndrome (FASD), with the most serious form being foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).


The latest ISFAR critique considers research into the link between alcohol consumption and the risk of ischemic heart diseaseInternational Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 150: The Relation of Alcohol Consumption to the Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease 17 November 2014

A recent meta-analysis was produced by authors who, in the past, have tended to argue that the demonstrated inverse association between moderate alcohol consumption and ischemic heart disease (IHD) shown in most studies is due to confounding by other lifestyle factors.


The latest critique from ISFAR considers research into alcohol consumption and its relationship to liver cancerInternational Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 148: Alcohol and Liver Cancer 24 September 2014

Hepatic cirrhosis frequently precedes the development of liver cancer, and excessive alcohol consumption is known to be one cause of cirrhosis.


The latest critique from The ISFAR considers research into the association of alcohol consumption with breast cancerInternational Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 147: Association of Alcohol Intake with Different Types of Breast Cancer 11 September 2014

The study concerned is based on a large number of women participating in a clinical trial (enhanced screening for certain cancers versus routine care) focusing on prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian cancer.


The latest critique from The ISFAR looks at a study that relates alcohol intake to the development of abdominal aortic aneurysmInternational Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 146: Alcohol and the Risk of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm 4 September 2014

The large majority of prospective epidemiologic studies on the effects of alcohol consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke have shown a significant reduction in risk for moderate drinkers.


The latest critique from The ISFAR considers research into the effects of alcohol on brain structureInternational Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 145: Alcohol Consumption and Brain Structure on MRI Scans 26 August 2014

While numerous prospective epidemiologic studies have provided evidence that light-to-moderate amounts of alcohol reduce the risk of dementia and heavy drinking increases the risk, there are few studies on the effects of alcohol on brain structure assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


The latest critique from The ISFAR considers the link between alcohol consumption and uterine cancerInternational Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 144: Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Endometrial Cancer 18 August 2014

In a new analysis from the Nurses’ Health Study, investigators have related repeatedly-assessed long-term alcohol intake, and related the cumulative average intake over time to the risk of invasive uterine cancer.


International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research Critique 143: Is Alcohol's Cardio-Protective Effect Still Valid? 21 July 2014

A recent paper, which uses a very large dataset from subjects of European descent, uses a Mendelian randomisation analysis to estimate the effects of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular disease (CVD), using as the instrumental variable an uncommon allele affecting alcohol metabolism, the ADH1B rs1229984 variant.


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